Category: Tech / Sci / March 21, 2013 4:41 PM EDT
The European Space Agency has created a detailed map of the first light of the universe, calling the Big Bang theory into question.
The agency released a press release on Thursday that announced the latest Cosmic Micro Wave Background Map from Planck which questions basic theories about the expansion of the universe, better known as inflation theory.
The $900 million Planck space probe is the ESA’s mission to investigate the origins of the universe, and it looks like they are succeeding.
"We see these strange patterns that are not expected in inflationary theory, the simplest inflationary theories. It may be that we've been fooled, that inflation didn't happen. It's perfectly possible that there was some phase of the universe before the Big Bang actually happened where you can track the history of the universe to a period, a pre-big bang period," said George Efstathion, Professor of Astrophysics at Cambridge University.
Planck rotates constantly using visible-light telescopes to scan the entire sky at millimeter and sub-millimeter lengths.
Because Planck measures wavelengths between infrared and radio, and the space probe is able to work back in time, we are able to see the history of the universe.
"The CMB (cosmic microwave background) gives us a picture of the state of the universe 300, 000 years after the Big Bang, and using a model to extrapolate we can then move backwards in time to even earlier times than when that light was emitted, and we can infer what the phenomena around the time of the Big Bang were," said Jan Tauber, Planck Project Scientist.
The ESA said Planck’s latest findings, which call into question recent theories, are surprising due to the presence of unexpected large scale anomalies in the sky.
"When you look at only at the large features on this map, you find that our best fitting model our best theory has a problem fitting the data," said Tauber.
For the ESA, these so called anomalies have become impossible to ignore.
"Because of these features we're finding in the sky people are really in a situation now where they cannot ignore them any more, they have been hints of these things in the past but they have been able to ignore them but not any more because we've established them as facts," said Tauber.
With the new detailed image of the universe, scientists may need to rethink a few of the underlying theories on how the Universe came to be.
Marisa Krystian. IBTimes TV.